Hvis landdistriktsprojekter skal komme i mål og løse de strukturelle udfordringer, som landdistrikterne står overfor, er det nødvendigt, at offentlige aktører som fx kommuner indgår i et tæt samarbejde med lokale borgere herom. Værdi skabes i samspil med andre, og dette gør sig især gældende, når målet er at finde løsninger, der adresserer de udfordringer, som landdistrikterne står overfor. I teksten introduceres et redskab, der kan hjælpe med at bygge bro imellem de offentlige og lokale aktører i et landdistriktsprojekt. Der vil gives også konkrete eksempler herpå med baggrund i erfaringerne fra Interreg projektet Benefit4Regions.
A case study (CS) is an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon (the ‘case’) in depth and within its real-world context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context may not be clearly evident. (YIN 2014: 16)
A case study leader is the person responsible for the planning, preparation and performance of a case study in the framework of the B4R project. The case study leaders within B4R are responsible for delivering outputs that show progress made throughout their case study by the end of the funding period. Outputs include paper outputs and activity outputs. Case study leaders organize and facilitate regular monthly case study meetings with stakeholders in the border region.
The management of change and development within a business or similar organization (oxford dictionary, (n.d.)
Change management is a style of management that aims to encourage organizations and individuals to deal effectively with the changes taking place in their work. (Collins Dictionary, (n.d.))
Minimizing resistance to organizational change through involvement of key players and stakeholders (Business Dictionary, (n.d.))
Change management has been defined as ‘the process of continually renewing an organization’s direction, structure, and capabilities to serve the ever-changing needs of external and internal customers’ (Moran and Brightman, 2001: 111)
A way of working together where people from different backgrounds are invited to jointly produce a product or service that will benefit all of them. Working together in co-creation helps organizations come up with new solutions to problems. (Macmillan dictionary, (n.d.))
The term means a process where people are collaborating together - "co" - to create something - "creation”-. Co-creation is not a unique concept. The term is used to describe various forms of cooperation between different parties on different issues.
The joint creation of value by the company and the customer; allowing the customer to co-construct the service experience to suit their context (Prahalad and Ramaswamy, 2004, p. 8).
Co-creation is enactment of interactional creation across interactive system-environments (afforded by interactive platforms), entailing agencing engagements and structuring organizations (Ramaswamy, V., & Ozcan, K. (2018)).
Co-design means to design jointly. (Collins dictionary, 2019) Co-design means to design something by working with one or more others:to design something jointly (Merriam-webster dictionary,(n.d.))
The term co-design refers to the “collective creativity as it is applied across the whole span of a design process”. (Sanders and Stappers (2008) )
Co-design is the creative cooperation during design processes. (Steen, M., Manschot, M., & De Koning, N. (2011)
Collaboration is defined as the action of working with someone to produce something (The Oxford Dictionaries, (n.d.)).
In this paper, we look at how collaboration in public policy networks such as the Benefit4Regions nine case studies can improve participation. We describe how participation can lead to sustainable networks with a lifespan which goes beyond an assignment or a project. In a public policy context, stakeholder participation is crucial. We will describe how a municipality depends upon building ties with stakeholders to be relevant and sustainable.
Collegial consultation, also known as peer counseling, refers to “reciprocal reflection among colleagues with the aim of generating new impetus for their daily work” (Herwig-Lempp, 2013). The consultation can be both formal and structured or informal and unstructured. Moreover, collegial consultation can be carried out between as few as two people or in larger teams (ibid., p. 9). While many interpretations of collegial consultation exist, the less-structured form of collegial consultation is referred to within B4R publications.
It is important to note that collegial consultation is separate from decision making, which occurs after consultation (ibid., p. 9). While a person may receive advice from someone during collegial consultation, he or she still makes the decision, not the advice-giver (ibid., p. 9).
Commitments are defined as agreements between two or more actors which impact future activities and participation. Commitments can be related to actors, resources and/or activities or other objects, like projects or case-studies (project teams). (B4R)
Communication is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
• Intended and received messages can diverge more or less
• Planning includes various communication processes
• Communication of specific contents and to different levels and stakeholder
• Difficulties in the process of decoding due to cultural differences or context specific obstacles