Observer is a person who takes part in the case study meeting, playing a passive role, observing the communication process in the case study meeting(s).
Participation is defined as:
• a process through which
• stakeholders exchange information and knowledge between each other
• develop initiatives and co-create common value
• influence and share control over decisions and output
• influence and share control over resources
(PP-Meeting Nov21st, 2017)
Planning cycle consists of the steps or procedure that will lead towards a structured and understandable project management plan which fits for all stakeholders in the specific context of a project.
The project planning school is a general concept, a set of methods and the practical implementation of workshops to transfer knowledge and skills for trans-boundary project related communication, participation and planning.
Regional development is characterized by “a general effort to reduce regional disparities by supporting (employment and wealth-generating) economic activities in regions” (OECD, n.d.), including investment in innovation and research, the digital agenda, support for small and medium-sized enterprises, with a focus on transitioning to a low-carbon economy (ERDF, n.d.).
Resources can be defined as a stock or supply of money, materials, staff, and other assets that can be drawn on by a person or organization in order to function effectively.
It can be a source of help or information. (Oxford Dictionary, (n.d.))
Rural areas are defined as thinly populated areas where more than 50% of the population are living in rural grid cells. (European Commission, 2014) Rural grid cells are grid cells that are not identified as urban centres or as urban clusters. (Eurostat, 2019)
Rural areas are areas having features typical of areas that are far away from large towns or cities. (Collins dictionary, n,d)
This is an association of local councils in the municipality (DK) or a Region / Kreis (DE). (Self definition, WP3)
Rural Mobility deals with the movement of
• people (human migration, travel/leisure, transport)
• things (transport)
• ideas (see e.g. meme, thoughts, concepts)
• knowlegde (communication & information)
in rural areas, between rural areas and between rural and urban areas.
Social entrepreneurship, as in the case of the Interreg project Benefit4Regions, can be an important tool to successfully work with development in rural areas. In this paper, we will define social entrepreneurship and outline which resources are important for social entrepreneurs to manage. Finally, we will look at social entrepreneurship in a rural context and point to aspects which are decisive for social entrepreneurship in rural areas to succeed.
The word ‘spatial’ means, relating to space and the position, size, shape etc. of things in it.
Spatial structure can be understood as the principle of organization of the geographical entity under study, for example; arrangement of residential centers, network systems, infrastructure systems and facilities. A detailed study or examination of this is called as ‘Spatial Structure Analysis’.
One who is involved in or affected by a course of action (Merriam-Webster, (n.d.)). A person such as an employee, customer or citizen who is involved with an organization, society etc. and therefore has responsibilities towards it and an interest in its success.(Cambridge,(n.d.)) Stakeholders are groups or people who are affected by a project, as well as those who may have interests in a project and/or the ability to influence its outcome, either positively or negatively. (WP3 meeting March 7th, 2017)