In the cross-border project entitled Benefit4Regions (B4R), ten sub-projects – so-called case studies – were formed to identify regional problems and deduce solutions and concepts related to these problems. Case study members included municipalities, municipal organizations and other organizations stemming from both sides of the Danish- German border.

Our task was to investigate case study member and stakeholder participation and the effect of their participation on the quality of case study work.

Strategy is a target-orientated step-by-step process. It is an overaching way to proceed in order to reach (a) target(s) or to solve (a) problem (s) in (a) certain topic(s) and spatial context under uncertain conditions (eg. missing data, unkonown/new partner). Therefore it is more than a plan.

Strategy is defined as the way in which a business, government or other organization carefully plans its actions over a period of time to improve its position and achieve what it wants. (Cambridge dictionary, n.d.)
Strategy alignment is the alignment of strategies of the project and its results in order to arrive at an effective way of dissemination of these results to various target groups.

SWOT Analysis is a method used to analyze a given situation by identifying the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. For example, SWOT analysis is used in connection with the preparation of a development plan in the local community. (Self definition, WP3)

Territory can be defined as an area of land under the jurisdiction of a ruler or state (Oxford dictionary, 2019).
Territorial cooperation, or a cooperation between territories, brings people together, helping to solve common problems, facilitating the sharing of ideas and assets and encouraging strategic work towards common goals. (European Commission, n.d.).

Vision is an idea or mental image of something. View of the future. The ability to imagine how something could develop in the future, or the ideas that come from imagining in this way. (Cambridge Dictionary, 2019)

Work package is defined as a unit of work that is clearly distinguishable from other such work packages, has scheduled start and completion dates with interim milestones as applicable, has a relatively short time span subdivided to facilitate measurement of work performed, has an assigned budget, and is integrated with the schedules of related work packages. (, 2018)