Type of method: 
Description of the method: 

A project that is controlled, directed or instituted from the top level of organizational structure within the project. (JONES 2014: 4)

Top-down Projektstruktur

Ein Projekt, das von der obersten Ebene der Unternehmensstruktur innerhalb des Projekts gesteuert, geleitet oder gegründet wird. (JONES 2014: 4)

Top-down projektstruktur

Projekt, som styres, ledes eller grundlægges indenfor projektet, fra virksomhedstrukturens øverste niveau. (JONES 2014: 4)

Description, characteristics

WP3 meeting March 7th, 2017
There is a management hierarchy in all projects, companies, organisations and professions. In any position there are usually several of these at play at once. Traditionally, these non-flexible hierarchies are used for organising and managing a business, organisation or project and follow these steps:
1. Decisions are made at the top
2. Commands are sent down the hierarchy to those at operational level at the "bottom"
3. Operational level (bottom) implements commands
Top-down organisation is efficient, standardized and the traditional way to structure a project, but there are major downsides to having a rigid top-down system. Often individuals at the "top" do not understand:
1. How the operational level functions;
2. The processes carried out by the operational level;
3. The practical implications of the decisions they make.
This leads to poor or ill-informed decisions which are inefficient and make the jobs of those working at the operational level harder. Top-down systems are flawed by one-way communication, an order sent down the hierarchy with no opportunity for feedback.
Also see: Jones, S (2014)